Glossary of Human Resources Management and Employee Benefit Terms
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Form 300 is a log of work-related injuries and illnesses, their severity, the employee injured, the date the event occurred, and other details that classify the case.
Titled “Summary of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses” or 300A, the second page of the OSHA Form 300 must be posted every year from February 1 to April 30 (following the year covered by the form). This is to ensure that employees see a summary of all work-related injuries and illnesses that have occurred.
Titled “Injury and Illness Incident Report” or 301, the third page of the OSHA Form 300 is the individual report that needs to be filled in within seven days of a reported work-related injury or illness.
Visit OSHA’s website to download a copy of the form and instructions.
Injuries should be recorded if they are serious, work-related injuries. A worker needs to officially be on the clock and performing job-related duties; for example, if a worker gets injured at work while retrieving something after hours, it shouldn’t get recorded. Work-related injuries that need to be recorded include work-related:
Injuries that lead to loss of consciousness, time off work, work restrictions, or work transfers
Diagnoses of cancer, chronic diseases, broken bones or teeth, and punctured eardrums
Injuries that need care beyond first aid
There are other specific rules for conditions like tuberculosis or hearing loss. Minor injuries only requiring first aid care, like a bandage, ice pack, or nonprescription medication, don’t need to be recorded. For more details on all these regulations, check OSHA’s website.
There are specific criteria for which businesses need to fill out the OSHA Form 300. The business needs to:
Have 10 or more employees
Be in an industry with a high risk of serious injury, like manufacturing, farming, construction, transportation, healthcare, etc.